Exploitation of Strobilanthes ixiocephala (Acanthaceae) flower buds by bees

Priyanka A Ambavane, Nikhil P More, Renee M. Borges

Abstract


Floral larceny by bees has been studied mostly in open flowers although it is also experienced in buds. Until now, only few studies have recorded larceny of unopened flowers. In this study, we present behavioural observations of Apis and non-Apis bees exploiting Strobilanthes ixiocephala (Acanthaceae) buds for floral rewards. The bees pierce open the anterior end of the unopened buds to access pollen and nectar.


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ISSN 1920-7603

 

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