Pollinator-flower interactions in gardens during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown of 2020

Authors

  • Jeff Ollerton University of Northampton, UK https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0887-8235
  • Judith Trunschke Kunming Institute of Botany, Kunming, Yunnan https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2688-7992
  • Kayri Havens Negaunee Institute for Plant Conservation Science and Action, Chicago Botanic Garden https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3528-1856
  • Patricia Landaverde-González General Zoology, Institute for Biology, Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
  • Alexander Keller Cellular and Organismic Networks, Faculty of Biology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, 82152 Planegg-Martinsried, Germany https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5716-3634
  • Amy-Marie Gilpin Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3143-5678
  • André Rodrigo Rech Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM), Faculdade Interdisciplinar em Humanidades https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4685-7483
  • Gudryan J. Baronio Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Biociências (IB-USP), Departamento de Ecologia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2988-9168
  • Benjamin J. Phillips University of Exeter, Environment and Sustainability Institute https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4597-029X
  • Chris Mackin School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3518-7699
  • Dara A. Stanley School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8948-8409
  • Erin Treanore Department of Entomology, Center for Pollinator Research, Huck Institute of the Life Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9555-0395
  • Ellen Baker University of Oxford, Department of Zoology https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5470-958X
  • Ellen L. Rotheray School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex
  • Emily Erickson Department of Entomology, Millennium Science Complex, University Park, Pennsylvania State University https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0611-4186
  • Felix Fornoff Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Freiburg https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0446-7153
  • Francis Q. Brearley Department of Natural Sciences, Manchester Metropolitan University https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5053-5693
  • Gavin Ballantyne School of Applied Sciences, Edinburgh Napier University https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7494-0642
  • Graziella Iossa Joseph Banks Laboratories, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Lincoln https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6813-4361
  • Graham N. Stone Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh
  • Ignasi Bartomeus Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7893-4389
  • Jenni A. Stockan Department of Ecological Sciences, James Hutton Institute https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9900-9010
  • Johana Leguizamón Maestría en Ciencias Biológicas, Grupo de Investigación Biología para la Conservación, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2644-5986
  • Kit Prendergast Curtin University School of Molecular & Life Sciences https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1164-6099
  • Lisa Rowley Wildlife Trust BCN
  • Manuela Giovanetti CREA Council for Agricultural Research and Agricultural Economy Analysis, Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment
  • Raquel de Oliveira Bueno Departamento de Biodiversidade e Conservação da Natureza, Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná
  • Renate A. Wesselingh Biodiversity Research Centre, Earth & Life Institute, UCLouvain https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0241-2255
  • Rachel Mallinger Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3782-1710
  • Sally Edmondson
  • Scarlett R. Howard 1) School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia. 2) Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1895-5409
  • Sara D. Leonhardt Plant-Insect Interactions, Technical University of Munich https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8154-9569
  • Sandra V. Rojas-Nossa Department of Ecology and Animal Biology, University of Vigo
  • Maisie Brett School of Biological Sciences, Life Sciences Building, University of Bristol
  • Tatiana Joaqui Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture, Stephen F. Austin State University https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7284-4657
  • Reuber Antoniazzi Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture, Stephen F. Austin State University https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0052-3867
  • Victoria J. Burton Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0122-3292
  • Hui-Hui Feng Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences
  • Zhi-Xi Tian Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences
  • Qi Xu Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences
  • Chuan Zhang Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences
  • Chang-Li Shi Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences
  • Shuang-Quan Huang Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University
  • Lorna J. Cole Integrated Land Management, SRUC https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3929-0530
  • Leila Bendifallah Université M'hamed Bougara de Boumerdes, Faculté des Sciences
  • Emilie E. Ellis Department of Animal and Plant Science, The University of Sheffield https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7862-3353
  • Stein Joar Hegland Department of Environmental Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences
  • Sara Straffon Díaz Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences, Università degli Studi di Torino
  • Tonya Allen Lander University of Oxford, Dept. Plant Sciences https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7932-9973
  • Antonia V. Mayr 1) University of Ulm, Institut of Evolutionary Ecology and Conservation Genomics 2) University of Würzburg, Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6581-7490
  • Richard Dawson
  • Maxime Eeraerts Department of Plant and Crops, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University
  • W. Scott Armbruster 1) School of Biological Sciences, University of Portsmouth 2) Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8057-4116
  • Becky Walton Sussex Biodiversity Record Centre
  • Noureddine Adjlane Département d’Agronomie, Faculté des Sciences, Laboratoire de Bioinformatique, Microbiologie Appliquée et Biomolécules (BMAB), Université M'Hamed Bougara de Boumerdès https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0369-2968
  • Steven Falk
  • Luis Mata School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences, University of Melbourne https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4142-8666
  • Anya Goncalves Geiger Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience (CAWR) Coventry University
  • Claire Carvell UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • Claire Wallace University of East Anglia
  • Fabrizia Ratto 1) School of Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds 2) Department of Health Studies, School of Life Sciences and the Environment, Royal Holloway, University of London https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8411-4379
  • Marta Barberis Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche e Ambientali, Università di Bologna https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1062-4760
  • Fay Kahane Environment & Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8064-4700
  • Stuart Connop Sustainability Research Institute (SRI), University of East London https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3050-7649
  • Anthonie Stip Dutch Butterfly Conservation
  • Maria Rosangela Sigrist Laboratório de Polinização, Reprodução e Fenologia de Plantas (LPRF)/InBio, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul
  • Nicolas J. Vereecken Agroecology Lab CP 264/02, Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB)
  • Alexandra-Maria Klein Nature Conservation and Landscape Ecology, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2139-8575
  • Katherine Baldock Department of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Northumbria University https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6849-8747
  • Sarah E. J. Arnold 1) Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich 2) Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7345-0529

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26786/1920-7603(2022)695

Keywords:

bees, flowers, gardens, hummingbirds, insects, nature in cities, pollinators, species interactions, urban ecology

Abstract

During the main COVID-19 global pandemic lockdown period of 2020 an impromptu set of pollination ecologists came together via social media and personal contacts to carry out standardised surveys of the flower visits and plants in gardens. The surveys involved 67 rural, suburban and urban gardens, of various sizes, ranging from 61.18° North in Norway to 37.96° South in Australia, resulting in a data set of 25,174 rows, with each row being a unique interaction record for that date/site/plant species, and comprising almost 47,000 visits to flowers, as well as records of flowers that were not visited by pollinators, for over 1,000 species and varieties belonging to more than 460 genera and 96 plant families. The more than 650 species of flower visitors belong to 12 orders of invertebrates and four of vertebrates. In this first publication from the project, we present a brief description of the data and make it freely available for any researchers to use in the future, the only restriction being that they cite this paper in the first instance. The data generated from these global surveys will provide scientific evidence to help us understand the role that private gardens (in urban, rural and suburban areas) can play in conserving insect pollinators and identify management actions to enhance their potential.

Author Biographies

Jeff Ollerton, University of Northampton, UK

 

 

Judith Trunschke, Kunming Institute of Botany, Kunming, Yunnan

 

 

Kayri Havens, Negaunee Institute for Plant Conservation Science and Action, Chicago Botanic Garden

 

 

Patricia Landaverde-González, General Zoology, Institute for Biology, Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg

 

 

Alexander Keller, Cellular and Organismic Networks, Faculty of Biology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, 82152 Planegg-Martinsried, Germany

 

 

Amy-Marie Gilpin, Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University

 

 

André Rodrigo Rech, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM), Faculdade Interdisciplinar em Humanidades

 

 

Gudryan J. Baronio, Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Biociências (IB-USP), Departamento de Ecologia

 

 

Benjamin J. Phillips, University of Exeter, Environment and Sustainability Institute

 

 

Chris Mackin, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex

 

 

Dara A. Stanley, School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin

 

 

Erin Treanore, Department of Entomology, Center for Pollinator Research, Huck Institute of the Life Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University

 

 

Ellen Baker, University of Oxford, Department of Zoology

 

 

Ellen L. Rotheray, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex

 

 

Emily Erickson, Department of Entomology, Millennium Science Complex, University Park, Pennsylvania State University

 

 

Felix Fornoff, Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Freiburg

 

 

Francis Q. Brearley, Department of Natural Sciences, Manchester Metropolitan University

 

 

Gavin Ballantyne, School of Applied Sciences, Edinburgh Napier University

 

 

Graziella Iossa, Joseph Banks Laboratories, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Lincoln

 

 

Graham N. Stone, Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh

 

 

Ignasi Bartomeus, Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC)

 

 

Jenni A. Stockan, Department of Ecological Sciences, James Hutton Institute

 

 

Johana Leguizamón, Maestría en Ciencias Biológicas, Grupo de Investigación Biología para la Conservación, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia

 

 

Kit Prendergast, Curtin University School of Molecular & Life Sciences

 

 

Lisa Rowley, Wildlife Trust BCN

 

 

Manuela Giovanetti, CREA Council for Agricultural Research and Agricultural Economy Analysis, Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment

 

 

Raquel de Oliveira Bueno, Departamento de Biodiversidade e Conservação da Natureza, Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná

 

 

Renate A. Wesselingh, Biodiversity Research Centre, Earth & Life Institute, UCLouvain

 

 

Rachel Mallinger, Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida

 

 

Sally Edmondson

 

 

Scarlett R. Howard, 1) School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia. 2) Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University

 

 

Sara D. Leonhardt, Plant-Insect Interactions, Technical University of Munich

 

 

Sandra V. Rojas-Nossa, Department of Ecology and Animal Biology, University of Vigo

 

 

Maisie Brett, School of Biological Sciences, Life Sciences Building, University of Bristol

 

 

Tatiana Joaqui, Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture, Stephen F. Austin State University

 

 

Reuber Antoniazzi, Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture, Stephen F. Austin State University

 

 

Victoria J. Burton, Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum

 

 

Hui-Hui Feng, Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences

 

 

Zhi-Xi Tian, Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences

 

 

Qi Xu, Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences

 

 

Chuan Zhang, Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences

 

 

Chang-Li Shi, Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences

 

 

Shuang-Quan Huang, Institute of Evolution and Ecology, School of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University

 

 

Lorna J. Cole, Integrated Land Management, SRUC

 

 

Leila Bendifallah, Université M'hamed Bougara de Boumerdes, Faculté des Sciences

 

 

Emilie E. Ellis, Department of Animal and Plant Science, The University of Sheffield

 

 

Stein Joar Hegland, Department of Environmental Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences

 

 

Sara Straffon Díaz, Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences, Università degli Studi di Torino

 

 

Tonya Allen Lander, University of Oxford, Dept. Plant Sciences

 

 

Antonia V. Mayr, 1) University of Ulm, Institut of Evolutionary Ecology and Conservation Genomics 2) University of Würzburg, Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology

 

 

Richard Dawson

 

 

Maxime Eeraerts, Department of Plant and Crops, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University

 

 

W. Scott Armbruster, 1) School of Biological Sciences, University of Portsmouth 2) Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks

 

 

Becky Walton, Sussex Biodiversity Record Centre

 

 

Noureddine Adjlane, Département d’Agronomie, Faculté des Sciences, Laboratoire de Bioinformatique, Microbiologie Appliquée et Biomolécules (BMAB), Université M'Hamed Bougara de Boumerdès

 

 

Steven Falk

 

 

Luis Mata, School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences, University of Melbourne

 

 

Anya Goncalves Geiger, Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience (CAWR) Coventry University

 

 

Claire Carvell, UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

 

 

Claire Wallace, University of East Anglia

 

 

Fabrizia Ratto, 1) School of Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds 2) Department of Health Studies, School of Life Sciences and the Environment, Royal Holloway, University of London

 

 

Marta Barberis, Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche e Ambientali, Università di Bologna

 

 

Fay Kahane, Environment & Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter

 

 

Stuart Connop, Sustainability Research Institute (SRI), University of East London

 

 

Anthonie Stip, Dutch Butterfly Conservation

 

 

Maria Rosangela Sigrist, Laboratório de Polinização, Reprodução e Fenologia de Plantas (LPRF)/InBio, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul

 

 

Nicolas J. Vereecken, Agroecology Lab CP 264/02, Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB)

 

 

Alexandra-Maria Klein, Nature Conservation and Landscape Ecology, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg

 

 

Katherine Baldock, Department of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Northumbria University

 

 

Sarah E. J. Arnold, 1) Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich 2) Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology

 

 

Published

2022-07-27

How to Cite

Ollerton, J., Trunschke, J. ., Havens, K. ., Landaverde-González, P. ., Keller, A. ., Gilpin, A.-M. ., Rodrigo Rech, A. ., Baronio, G. J. ., Phillips, B. J., Mackin, C. ., Stanley, D. A., Treanore, E. ., Baker, E. ., Rotheray, E. L., Erickson, E. ., Fornoff, F. ., Brearley, F. Q. ., Ballantyne, G. ., Iossa, G. ., Stone, G. N., Bartomeus, I. ., Stockan, J. A., Leguizamón, J., Prendergast, K. ., Rowley, L., Giovanetti, M., de Oliveira Bueno, R., Wesselingh, R. A., Mallinger, R., Edmondson, S., Howard, S. R., Leonhardt, S. D., Rojas-Nossa, S. V., Brett, M., Joaqui, T., Antoniazzi, R., Burton, V. J., Feng, H.-H., Tian, Z.-X., Xu, Q., Zhang, C., Shi, C.-L., Huang, S.-Q., Cole, L. J., Bendifallah, L., Ellis, E. E., Hegland, S. J., Straffon Díaz, S., Lander, T. A. ., Mayr, A. V., Dawson, R. ., Eeraerts, M. ., Armbruster, W. S. ., Walton, B. ., Adjlane, N. ., Falk, S. ., Mata, L. ., Goncalves Geiger, A. ., Carvell, C. ., Wallace, C. ., Ratto, F. ., Barberis, M. ., Kahane, F. ., Connop, S. ., Stip, A. ., Sigrist, M. R. ., Vereecken, N. J. ., Klein, A.-M., Baldock, K. ., & Arnold, S. E. J. . (2022). Pollinator-flower interactions in gardens during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown of 2020. Journal of Pollination Ecology, 31, 87–96. https://doi.org/10.26786/1920-7603(2022)695

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