An updated insect exclosure design for pollination ecology


  • Troy Tetreault Idaho State University
  • Ken Aho Idaho State University



Exclosures are a common method for quantifying the effects of animal pollinators on flowering plant species. However, a lack of standardized designs or clear descriptions of previously implemented exclosure designs decreases replicability in pollination studies and reduces scientific rigor. We summarized previous descriptions of pollination exclosure designs, and developed/tested a novel exclosure design in alpine environments on the Beartooth Plateau in northern Wyoming, USA. This exclosure design consists of a cylindrical internal wire frame, integrated ground stakes, and various mesh materials attached to the exterior. Exclosures on the plateau showed high efficacy in inhibiting insects from pollinating flowering plants, and nearly all of these exclosures remained functional throughout the time they were in place. Our updated exclosure design is effective, inexpensive, easy to produce, and widely applicable across differing ecosystems and experimental design types.

Author Biographies

Troy Tetreault, Idaho State University

 Department of Biological Sciences

Ken Aho, Idaho State University




Additional Files



How to Cite

Tetreault, T., & Aho, K. (2021). An updated insect exclosure design for pollination ecology. Journal of Pollination Ecology, 29, 249–257.



Notes on Methodology